Experiments and observations in physics — FAQ

Scholasticism reigned in European science before the Renaissance. Petrarch captures the atmosphere of a XIV-century university: ‘A silly boy comes into a temple. His teacher glorifies him because of either love or greed. Then from a pulpit one goes sage who ascended to it as a fool.’ Physical research began to transform from unintelligible to a particular one in the XVI century. Galileo put the well-thought experiment as well as its interpretation in the language of mathematics incompatibly higher than the traditional deductive method of investigation. Since then the theoretical constructs were based largely on results of experimental tests rather than speculative conclusions. For a long time physical experiments remained low-cost, ‘rope-wax-like’. Initially started as individual studies, experiments have evolved into a separate, extremely expansive area of ‚Äč‚Äčscientific research in the XX century. The emergence of computer data processing changed architecture and scale of experiments. Furthermore, computers began to have an impact on conceptions and ideas behind experiments.

Galileo Galilei  was one of the first experimenters.

Galileo Galilei did not have a computer.